Gynecomastia: Causes And Surgery

August 13, 2020

Gynecomastia: Causes And Surgery

We all have our shares of insecurities. Well, we are all perfect in some sense as well. There is no reason for us to look down on ourselves. However, gynecomastia causes certain mental health issues in males. Male breasts affect the self-esteem of men and young boys immensely. Their confidence level goes down, they start feeling low and in cases of some teenagers, depression is also commonly known due to an unfit body.

What Is Gynecomastia?

Gynecomastia is the enlargement of breast tissue in men and boys of all ages.

Gynecomastia Causes

There are many different medications, diseases, and medical conditions that can result in gynecomastia, like, drugs like antibiotics, corticosteroids, opioids, anti-anxiety drugs. Gynecomastia is also associated with other conditions like treatments for obesity, testosterone imbalance, cirrhosis, and hyperthyroidism. They can be further understood as the following:

Hormone Imbalance

One of the most important causes of gynecomastia is hormone imbalance. This is mainly associated with the improper release of androgen, which is a version of estrogen that is produced in females. The function of this hormone is mainly during puberty, however, secretion of more androgen by the glands can lead to the growth of the male breast.

Cirrhosis

When the liver is damaged and tries to fix itself, more and more scar tissue is formed over it. With this, certain changes occur in the body, one of which is gynecomastia. Enlargement of male breasts is considered one of the symptoms of cirrhosis. When the function of the liver is altered, it can cause a lot of other kinds of damage to the body, including hormonal imbalance resulting in gynecomastia.

Hyperthyroidism

A medical condition in which the secretions from the thyroid gland are more than normal causing unusual changes in the body is known as hyperthyroidism. The thyroid gland secretes certain hormones in both male and female bodies. Due to hyperthyroidism, loss of periods or obesity is seen, while in men loss of sex drive can be observed along with obesity. Therefore, hyperthyroidism partly contributes to the cause of gynecomastia as well.

Obesity

It is a well-known term and quite a common medical condition observed all across the world. Obesity is being overweight, which is higher than your standard BMI. It is also one of the reasons for the stimulation of hormone imbalance and enlargement of male breasts. Most obese men have this medical condition. In such cases, it can be reduced by proper exercises as well.

Gynecomastia surgery

A solution for gynecomastia is performing gynecomastia surgery. This surgery can allow you to get rid of your male boobs with ease boosting your self-confidence and helping you believe in yourself.

The surgical procedure can be approached in different ways. The most common technique is to suction the fat out from the area of the breasts. The procedure is referred to as liposuction in which a thin tube (cannula) is used for suction. The step by step procedure is given as follows:

  1. Anesthesia: Anesthesia is the most important and the initial step. It could of any kind that will best suit the patient.
  2. Incision: The bleeding and the trauma are managed and then the cannula is inserted. The fat is then liquified so that the suctioning is easier.
  3. Suctioning: The loosened fat is sucked out with the help of a syringe attached to the cannula or a kind of vacuum that is used in surgical procedures.
  4. Closing the incision: The incision is closed using tapes and clips and if necessary sutures are incorporated. This does not leave long-term scars.
  5. Post-surgery results: Lipo also necessitates a recovery period after the procedure. The incisions need to be repaired appropriately post-surgery infections. The body is slightly weak but is now in good shape.

Precautions

Liposuction certainly has precautions that need to be taken care of to avoid any consequences. The body requires a good amount of rest to get back to normal function, else it could bleed even after minor strenuous exercises. Also, sustaining a balanced diet is obligatory as one of the causes of gynecomastia is obesity as well. A proper diet shall help your body regain strength by providing the necessary nutrients.

Another significant factor is working out. This will help in getting your body in proper shape and adjusting to the sudden changes that have just taken place. It is best to avoid the sun for a few weeks after the surgery because firstly, it could cause infection to the wounds, and secondly, it could cause nausea and at times fainting as well since the body is weak and recovering after the surgery.

We at Arra Aesthetics have the latest technology for the treatment of gynecomastia. Dr. Vasant Gholave is an expert in the area of plastic and cosmetic surgery and is also one of the best cosmetic surgeons in Pune. He has helped several patients with the latest medical procedures and approaches. Visit us today.

About Author

DR. VASANT GHOLAVE (MBBS, MS, MCH)

Dr. Vasant Gholave is an immensely skilled Plastic Surgeon, Hair Transplant Surgeon, and Cosmetic surgeon in Pune. After a strong experience of 21 years, he came up with a cosmetic surgery and cosmetology treatment solution, “Arra Aesthetics”, which not only has the latest technology and treatments but also state-of-the-art infrastructure under one roof. Dr. Vasant always strives for the best results and has the zeal to continuously improve and innovate in his practice of cosmetic and laser surgery.

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